By Tu-Uyen Tran, Federal Reserve Bank of Minnesota

This year’s construction season is expected to be leaner for a significant number of construction firms in the Ninth District compared with last year’s, according to a recent Minneapolis Fed survey.

About half of homebuilders and a third of firms in other sectors of the industry said they think profits over the next six months will be lower than in the same period a year ago

“Interest rates have taken a large portion of our buyers out of the market,” said the owner of a Wisconsin home construction firm. “Only higher end cash buyers don’t seem to be fazed.”

Nearly half of construction firms reported fewer new projects out for bid—known in the industry as requests for proposals (RFPs)—in what is normally a very busy season for them. Some respondents said more projects were delayed or canceled than normal.

The CEO of a Twin Cities architecture firm that works primarily in the commercial sector estimated that a third of the firm’s projects have been paused “based on lack of financing and financial stress of owners and developers.” The number of paused projects is still growing, she said.

Despite the gloomy forecast, however, many said they are optimistic about the future as they adapt to new conditions and seek out new markets.

The survey, conducted throughout April, included 254 respondents.

The construction industry has struggled with customer demand in the past year. A growing number of respondents have reported lower gross revenue since April 2022. In November, more than half of respondents reported lower RFP activity from private-sector customers in recent months compared with the same time period in 2021.

The hardest hit sector then was residential construction.

Up to that point, the industry had coped for several years with a tight labor market and supply chain disruptions resulting in higher project costs. 2022 added a new challenge with a sharp increase in interest rates. Benchmark prime loan rates exceeded pre-pandemic levels about midyear and kept rising. That made it harder for customers to afford the higher costs, especially homebuyers.

2023 could be déjà vu all over again for the industry with nearly half of respondents reporting lower RFP activity from private-sector customers in April. Residential construction was again the hardest hit.

“We simply are not getting the same amount of work we did three years ago,” said a Wisconsin homebuilder. “We have to bid more for the same amount of work.”

Outside of the residential sector, would-be customers are also trying to make sense of a changing economy . . . developers are trying to figure out what the market needs…

There’s also uncertainty about the direction the economy is going with so much speculation about a possible downturn and its timing.

All of which seems to have resulted in more hesitation among developers.

“There are projects being bid but not a whole lot of movement on them,” said a respondent from a Greater Minnesota subcontractor in the commercial sector. “Owners seem to want to ‘wait the storm out’ on a lot of projects.”

Projects that do get the greenlight, the respondent said, are mostly from large corporations, such as fast-food chains and big-box retailers.

Respondents are reporting elevated levels of project cancellations and delays. Thirty-nine percent of respondents said they had seen more cancellations recently compared with three months ago; respondents in the industrial and residential sectors were more likely to report cancellations. More than half of respondents said they had seen more delays, again, with higher rates in the industrial and residential sectors. In the past, delays have often been associated with late delivery of construction materials. But responses in the April survey suggest that many customers are changing their minds.

While interest rates are a top concern for many firms, especially those in the residential sector, for the rest of the construction industry, this concern pales in comparison to labor availability and price increases for construction materials and other inputs. These emerged as the top two concerns for the industry as a whole outside of customer demand, according to respondents.

Even in the residential sector, interest rates were less commonly cited compared with input costs.

A Greater Minnesota architect in the residential sector said none of her clients understand how much higher prices are. “Disbelief causes numerous restarts on projects that come in significantly over budget [compared with] when preliminary cost-per-square-foot estimations come in from contractors. We advise but are not always believed.”

She said the average cost of a home has gone up from $350 per square foot to $500 or even $550. “It is shocking to all of us.”

About a third of respondents said they had experienced price increases of 5 percent or more just in the past three months, and another third said their prices increased between 1 and 5 percent.

These rapid price increases have led to changes in how builders do business.

The Greater Minnesota residential architect said she has to constantly request new bids from suppliers to find the best prices because those prices seem to change every week to two weeks. “This is exhausting.”

A Twin Cities subcontractor in the commercial sector said the firm focuses more on projects that can start immediately because material costs in the near future are easier to estimate. For projects that are further out, the subcontractor said, the firm errs on the side of caution and submits bids that assume high increases in material cost even if it means the bids aren’t competitive. “We’re unwilling to hold the bag on far out contracts that include materials. If we’re bidding work that’s out six months, we are severely marking up our bids to reflect past material uncertainties that cost us millions of dollars.”

Hiring remains a challenge for many firms. Of those that have hired or planned to hire, 57 percent described the labor market as very tight with most of the rest saying it was slightly or moderately tight. Only 3 percent said it wasn’t tight.

That’s put more pressure on wages. About a third of firms said they had increased wages by more than 5 percent in the past 12 months. About a fifth said they planned to increase wages by more than 5 percent in the next 12 months.

“It seems most employees are fishing for other jobs to get more money causing us to pay more to keep them,” said a respondent from a Twin Cities subcontractor involved in the residential and commercial sectors. “New applications are asking for $25 to $30 an hour with little experience.”

With higher costs and more competition for fewer projects, some respondents said they’ve had to absorb the higher costs themselves.

“We’ve had to reduce our profits and margins in order to secure jobs,” a Wisconsin homebuilder reported. “This is not a sustainable practice as the cost of doing business keeps increasing and our gross proceeds are decreasing.”

Despite the many challenges respondents reported, a majority of respondents reported a positive to neutral outlook with 48 percent saying they are optimistic about the next six months and 29 percent saying they are neutral.

Even in the residential sector, 41 percent are optimistic and 28 percent neutral.

One reason respondents are more positive than their financial situation might suggest is they’re looking for opportunities in different markets and are feeling good about their chances of success. The owner of a Twin Cities residential subcontracting firm, for example, said that as fewer people look to build new homes, he’s focusing more on remodeling projects, where he believes he’ll have a better chance of winning contracts.

Most firms, including this subcontractor, are still hiring. Nearly two-thirds of respondents said they had hired in the past three months, and three-quarters said they plan to hire in the next six months. Those figures are only slightly lower than a year ago but double what they were two years ago, when the industry was on the upswing and interest rates were much lower.

For some contractors, the challenges faced by the construction industry are the new norm they will learn to live with.


Yellowstone County/ Sprague Construction Roofing Division, 2323 2nd Ave N, Com Fence/Roof/Siding, $71,428

Vannoy Properties LLC/ Vannoy Metal Works, 1318 Monad Rd, Com Fence/Roof/Siding, $120,000

Shiloh United Methodist Church/ Kirkness Exteriors. 1810 Shiloh Rd, Com Fence/Roof/Siding, $51,200

Decker Holdings, LLC/ Empire Roofing Inc, 3545 Hesper Rd, Com Fence/Roof/Siding, $279,589 

Billings Clinic/ Empire Roofing Inc, 1045 N 30th St, Com Fence/Roof/Siding, $94,281  

Yegen Grand Ave Farm Inc/ Stout Building Contractors LLC, Cardwell Ranch Urgent Care, 3043 Meadow View Dr, Com New Hospitals/Institutions, $1,100,000

Billings Hotel Developers LLC/ Maurer Construction, 3350 Ember Ln, Com New Hotel/Motel, $4,558,414

Ac Investments LLC/ Mccabe Electric, Inc, 2102 2nd Ave N, Com Remodel, $51,500

A Diamond Infra LLC/ Ethos Distributed Solutions Inc, Tower 970 S 29th St W, Com Remodel, $15,000.00

Shiloh Crossing Partners LLC/ Jones Construction, Inc, 820 Shiloh Crossing Blvd, Com Remodel, $10,000

Montana-Dakota Utilities Co/ Langlas & Assoc., Inc., 5181 Southgate Dr, Com Addition, $1,178,000

St Lukes Episcopal Church/ Donahue Roofing & Siding LLC, 119 N 33rd St, Com Fence/Roof/Siding, $10,682.00 Yellowstone County/ Sprague Construction Roofing Division, 217 N 27th St, Com Fence/Roof/Siding, $29,750 Diamond Two LLC/ Bespoke Of Montana LLC ,1690 Rimrock Rd, Com Fence/Roof/Siding, $15,000

Kirby Kapital, LLC/ EEC Inc, 1486 S 30th St W, Com New Other, $765,500

Nedrow, David/ CBMS LLC, 733 Lake Elmo Dr, Com New Other, $10,000

Neal C La Fever Trust/ Verizon, 2902 1st Ave N, Com Remodel, $20,000


Lavinder, Lisa/ Rob’s Custom Construction, 198 Mountain View Blvd, Res New Accessory Structure $45,312

Clause, Jock & Kathy/ Jeff Engel Construction, Inc, 5650 Canyonwoods Dr, Res New Accessory Structure, $125,000

Mike Christensen/ Michael Christensen Homes, 2522 Buffalo Ridge Trl, Res New Single Family, $450,000

Infinity Homes/ Infinity Home LLC, 925 Anacapa Ln, Res New Single Family, $176,872

Infinity Homes/ Infinity Home LLC, 931 Anacapa Ln, Res New Single Family, $174,158

Infinity Homes/ Infinity Home LLC, 937 Anacapa Ln, Res New Single Family, $174,158

Infinity Homes/ Infinity Home LLC, 943 Anacapa Ln. Res New Single Family, $175,720

By Evelyn Pyburn

As a concern to the future of the planet, research on global warming is on-going. Despite the politics of it and the media’s contention that it is a proven phenomenon, it is not. Much costly research has yet to be done and imposing that burden on any single business as a condition to do business is to essentially deny the business to exist. Regulations meant to assure safe and environmentally sound operation of a business were not meant to place such an extreme burden as a condition for permitting.

A district court judge to insert a demand into regulatory law that a Montana business must take on research that would demonstrate that their activity would not impact the climate is an unreasonable expectation. As a result of such a court decision the Montana Legislature has passed HB 971 which Gov. Greg Gianforte has signed into law, that will prohibit the state – agencies like the Montana Department of Environmental Quality —from considering climate impacts in analyzing large projects such as coal mines and power plants.

The proposed legislation was by far the most controversial environmental legislation with those opposed citing polls of what people believe, rather than fundamental evidence that human beings are impacting climate conditions on the planet.

The bill’s sponsor, Rep. Josh Kassmier, R-Fort Benton, introduced the legislation in response to a 13th District Court Judge Mike Moses ruling revoking the permitting on NorthWestern Energy’s  gas plant at Laurel, which has been strongly challenged by the Montana Environmental Information Center.

Kassmier said that his bill “underscores that it’s lawmakers, not judges,” who set the state’s policies. Supporting the legislation were Treasure State Resources Association and the Montana Petroleum Association, who called the court’s decision as an “unworkable” mandate to measure greenhouse gas emissions and that it belong in federal regulations such as the Clean Air Act.

Samuel Stebbin, 24/7 Wall St. via The Center Square

Pick any two cities or towns in the United States, and each will be home to people who work in very similar fields. Certain occupations in areas like education, sanitation, law enforcement, health care, and retail are common across the country as they are practical necessities.

Still, the occupational makeup of different parts of the country varies in other important ways that are influenced by the regions’ history, geography, natural resources, local laws, and demographics. These factors can have considerable economic implications and lay the foundation of a given area’s industry composition.

In Montana, hospitals are the largest industry, accounting for 4.7% of the state’s total GDP of $52.9 billion. The industry’s annual economic output totals $2.5 billion, a 23.8% increase over the last five years.

Overall employment in the industry totals about 25,600, or 5.3% of all jobs in Montana. Among these workers, the average annual compensation is $65,511, compared to the average of $44,883 across all occupations in the state.

All data in this story on employment and output is from the Bureau of Economic Analysis and is for 2019, the most recent year for which data is available. Data on wages is from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. With only a few exceptions, the largest industry in each state is real estate. As a result, we did not include the real estate sector in our analysis. We also excluded all government sectors.

Given in honor of renowned conservationist Aldo Leopold, the award recognizes farmers, ranchers, and forestland owners who inspire others with their dedication to land, water and wildlife habitat management on private, working land.

 Goggins Ranch of Ennis in Madison County, Kurt and PJ Myllymaki of Stanford in Judith Basin County and Peterson Angus Ranch of Drummond in Granite County are the three finalists

. Sand County Foundation and national sponsor American Farmland Trust present the Leopold Conservation Award to private landowners in 27 states for extraordinary achievement in voluntary conservation. In Montana, the $10,000 award is presented with the Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation, and the Rangeland Resources Committee.  

The finalists are:

 * Goggins Ranch of Ennis in Madison County: Goggins Ranch is two properties owned and managed by family members Pat Goggins, Janet Goggins Endecott, and Rachel Endecott. They’ve established a diversity of plant species along the riparian areas of two perennial streams to provide habitat for fish, aquatic and pollinator insect species, migratory birds, and wild game. They invest in water conservation practices that maximize forage production for their beef cattle and minimize waste of irrigation water.    

* Kurt and PJ Myllymaki of Stanford in Judith Basin County: The Myllymakis use cover crops to graze their beef cattle and to improve soil health. Wind and water erosion are greatly reduced when soil is continuously covered with a living crop. Having the option to graze cover crops gives their native rangeland pastures more time to rest. Wildlife populations have increased in diversity and numbers with the improved wildlife habitat and winter cover that cover crops and healthy rangeland provide.

* Peterson Angus Ranch of Drummond in Granite County: Randy and Sue Peterson’s approach to land management prioritizes stewardship of soils, native grasslands, wetlands, forests, and other high quality wildlife habitat on their cattle ranch in the Flint Creek Valley. They employ rotational grazing to distribute livestock across their land. Known for its high-quality wildlife habitat, the Peterson Angus Ranch is part of Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks’ reintroduction effort of the sharp-tailed grouse.  

 In his influential 1949 book, A Sand County Almanac, Leopold called for an ethical relationship between people and the land they own and manage, which he called “an evolutionary possibility and an ecological necessity.”

 “These award finalists are examples of how Aldo Leopold’s land ethic is alive and well today. Their dedication to conservation shows how individuals can improve the health of the land while producing food and fiber,” said Kevin McAleese, Sand County Foundation President and CEO.

 “As the national sponsor for Sand County Foundation’s Leopold Conservation Award, American Farmland Trust celebrates the hard work and dedication of the Montana award finalists,” said John Piotti, AFT President and Chief Executive Officer. “At AFT we believe that conservation in agriculture requires a focus on the land, the practices and the people and this award recognizes the integral role of all three.”

By Chris Woodward, The Center Square

Gov. Greg Gianforte has signed legislation aimed at enhancing educational opportunities for Montana families. 

House Bill 203, sponsored by Rep. David Bedey, R-Hamilton, standardizes open enrollment in Montana’s public schools. Now, parents cannot be denied by their home district if they want to send their children to another school. 

“A child may be enrolled in and attend a school in a Montana school district that is outside of the child’s district of residence at the request of the child’s parent or guardian,” the bill reads.

Gianforte said in a statement that parents  “deserve to have their voices heard and to be a part of their kids’ education, including by pursuing the education that best meets the needs of their son or daughter.”

“I’m proud House Bill 203 promotes parental choice within our public school system while ensuring taxpayer fairness in cases where parents decide to have a child attend public school outside their place of residence,” Bedey said. 

The Helena-based Frontier Institute also applauded the legislation.

“Prior to the signing of HB 203, parents seeking to enroll their child in an out-of-district school faced a litany of barriers,” Frontier Institute Communications and Outreach Director Tanner Avery told The Center Square. “HB 203 represents an important step towards ensuring Montana parents can choose an education option that best fits the needs of their child.”

By Michael J. Marino

Yellowstone County News

On the Rocks, a new restaurant and bar off Main St. in Worden, is set to open sometime in June, according to marketing director, Mashaela Mackenzie.

Owned by John and Debbi Goggins, On the Rocks has been under construction since July 2022. After difficulties arose in regard to receiving construction supplies, the grand opening was set back significantly as the original estimate was August last year.

Early in 2023, contractors demolished an empty set of storage units that were situated right next to On the Rocks to make way for the restaurant’s outdoor seating arrangement.

As of May 8, all that’s left to do are essentially the finishing touches such as a pool table, outdoor tables and chairs, and a small stage where live bands can perform inside the business. The restaurant will have a steak program, crepes, and late-night buckets of spaghetti, among other unique features.

The Gogginses wrote on Facebook recently, “We are pumped to be bringing this to the community!”

On the Rocks is seeking staff for all positions currently. To inquire, send an email to The Gogginses stated they offer “competitive wages and an excellent work environment.”

Sub Zero Ice Cream that customers have enjoyed in Rimrock Mall has become the Billings Sub Zero Ice Cream trailer, which has launched the beginning of summer.

The story of the Billings Sub Zero ice cream trailer began in 2019 when Lisa Norby found the listing for a Sub Zero location in Oregon. She really enjoyed Sub Zero’s healthier ice cream, as the flavors are not made with high-fructose corn syrup, and she felt that the flavor profiles were more pronounced. She knew what she enjoyed about it, and wanted to share that enjoyment with the others in her community.

“To me, it’s a healthier ice cream,” Norby stated, “ I believe in the concept, I believe in the ice cream, and I am very passionate about it!”

The flexibility of the trailer is a welcome asset, as it allows the ability to serve the community and surrounding areas with its mobility. The ice cream trailer can be booked for special events, fundraisers, etc. at most locations, even as far out as 50 miles from the core base of operation.

For more information on the ice cream trailer’s location visit and follow the Sub Zero Nitrogen Ice Cream – Billings, Facebook page.

The first Sub Zero Nitrogen Ice Cream shop opened in 2005, after founders Jerry and Naomi Hancock discovered liquid nitrogen is a safe, unique and cost-effective method for creating delicious, customizable ice cream products. Using his background in chemistry, Jerry patented his process of freezing ice cream using liquid nitrogen, and in 2008 began franchising. Sub Zero Nitrogen Ice Cream was named Forbes’ “10 Best Franchises to Buy. Sub Zero currently has more than 30 franchise locations.

Montana’s seasonally adjusted unemployment rate dropped again, with the rate ticking down to 2.3%, from 2.4% in February, which is the fourth lowest in the nation, according to statistics released by the Montana Department of Labor and Industry. The state’s labor force hit a record of more than 559,000 Montanans, with a growth of 33,000 workers from its pandemic-era low.

At the turn of spring, a wall of snow still lined the roads around West Yellowstone. Hundreds of bison from the park’s central herd were about to migrate toward their calving grounds at the Horse Butte. Usually they follow river corridors, but advocates fear that an unusually robust snowpack could funnel the bison onto  highway 191. Plows poked holes in snow berms, outside of guardrails. Then the volunteers arrived with pickaxes and shovels. They cut deep channels in the snow — pathways that they hoped would draw the massive animals toward grass along waterways.

A plan to build about 11 miles of wildlife exclusion fencing along Interstate 90 might hurt more than help, according to a group of government grizzly biologists. Fencing that stretch of road could sever the ability for grizzly bears to move between the Northern Continental Divide Ecosystem and other recovery areas. The potential for grizzlies to travel and interbreed between ecosystems is a frequently stated requirement before the bears can be delisted.

The Helena City Commission intends to increase a number of fees for city services. A public hearing for all fee increases will be held during the commission’s May 8 meeting at 6 p.m.

The Chocolate Moose, located at 25 S. Willson Ave. has supplied Bozeman with house-made chocolates, taffies, sodas and other sweets for over a decade. The owners of the Chocolate Moose listed the store for sale earlier this year.

Dave’s Sushi in downtown Bozeman closed last month after several customers who dined at the restaurant fell ill. The restaurant published a statement on social media saying it had closed voluntarily while the health department conducts an investigation.

The eroding banks of Penninger Park along the Yellowstone River remain a point of concern for the City of Glendive 10 years after requesting federal assistance. A research group from Montana State University plans to study the rate of erosion this month.  At this time, the MSU team intends to begin its data collection via drone flight during  May and have a complete map and report by the end of July.

Ace Hardware prepares for its grand opening sometime in mid-May as anticipation runs deep in Sidney and Richland County, Ace Hardware stores are typically 13,000 to 14,000 square feet. Sidney Ace Hardware is 27,000 square feet, making it owner Skip King’s second largest store next to his largest Billings at 34,000 square feet. King has eight Ace Hardware stores in Montana.

The N.D. Industrial Commission’s Oil and Gas Division released its February 2023 production report recently. Production jumped back well-above 1.1 million barrels a day. This is an increase of 9% over January. The state also emerged victorious after the first round of legal proceedings to enforce the sales of federally owned lands believed to hold valuable deposits for potential oil

Alexa Carter and Colleen Wolak  decided to embark on a new business venture in the Flathead Valley. Using Carter’s fervor for food and Wolak’s marketing experience, the women started Boards and Pours Montana. The catering company elevates dinner parties, events, and weddings with customized charcuterie boards, grazing tables, dessert boards, mimosa bars and cocktail tastings.

The Montana Public Service Commission (PSC) is considering the request of NorthWestern Energy (NWE) to raise rates for electric and gas service. There was a recent settlement between NWE and opponents which has been submitted to the PSC. If the settlement terms are accepted as requested, or PSC accepts terms originally requested by NWE, residents and small businesses shall get the biggest increase. People are free to contact their commissioner about the issue at

Maverik gas stations and convenience stores have announced the acquisition of Kum & Go from the Krause Group. There are two Kum & Go gas stations/convenience stores in Williston. In addition there is one Kum & Go in Tioga and one in Watford City. Kum & Go, a family-owned chain established in 1959 in Hampton, Iowa. Maverik, based in Salt Lake City under parent company FJ Management, reportedly operates in nearly 400 locations in 12 states. Kum & Go, based in Des Moines, is a fourth-generation chain of convenience stores and gas stations. Operated by Krause Group, Kum & Go reportedly operates in more than 400 locations.

A Washington-based hospitality company, LOGE Camps, purchased the Izaak Walton Inn near Glacier National Park in December for $13.5 million. It also has purchased the Mountain Valley Inn in Missoula, which it plans to renovate and reopen this fall. The 58 room, Mountain Valley Inn has been closed for a number of years and was listed for sale at $3.6 million. Besides renovating the rooms the company plans to open a cafe, conference center and outdoor gathering area. LOGE has locations in Bend, Oregon; Alta Crystal, Westport and Leavenworth, Washington; Mt. Shasta, California, South Fork, Colorado, and Taos, New Mexico

Modernization of the gantry crane on top of Hungry Horse Dam is almost complete and reclamation will begin final testing. The 70-year-old crane reached the intended service life and BCI Construction conducted the demolition in November 2022. Installation began in late March 2023 using Bonneville Power Administration capital funding. The gantry crane is used to conduct maintenance on the dam. The installation of the new crane allows Reclamation to continue to provide electrical power generation for future years.

The board of directors of ONEOK, Inc. declared a quarterly dividend of 95.5 cents per share, unchanged from the previous quarter, resulting in an annualized dividend of $3.82 per share.

Demand remained strong in Gallatin County’s residential real estate market during March, with sellers receiving nearly their full list price and homes spending just over two weeks on the market. Median sales prices in the single-family market fell 3.1% in March, compared to last year, from $795,000 to $770,000. Closed sales dropped 21.3%, from 94 to 74. The median number of days homes spent on the market increased from 3 to 16. The average percent of list price received by sellers decreased 3.3%, from 101.8% to 98.5%. The median price per square foot sold decreased 10.8%, from $371 to $331. Pending sales increased from 84 to 97. The number of new listings decreased from 128 to 118. End-of-month inventory rose from 125 to 213..

BH Detail, 11156 Firth St Trlr 3, 59101, 831-6322, Baylee Harrah, service

Wall to Wall Cleaning LLC, 3206 37th St W, 59102, Emily Christensen, 801-864-4730, service

Splat Attack Battle Arena, 2612 Belknap Ave, 59101, 200-8955, Richard Darling, retail sales

Magic City Counseling PLLC, 623 Avenue E, 59102, 272-2646, Andrew Carter, service

Roam City Counseling, 208 N 29th St Ste 228, 59101, 272-3775, service

Gracefull Prep and Ship LLC, 520 Wicks Ln Ste 8A, 59105, 696-4740, Amanda & Craig Marquis, service

Yellowstone Sheds LLC, 2121 Main St, 59105, 839-2200, Roy Hughes, retail sales

 Aspenwood Designs LLC, 2647 Meadow Creek Loop, 318-7890, Stephen Kroeker, service

Adventure Path Games, 50 avenue C, 59101, Bradley World, service

Rick’s Cleaning Service, 540 S 28th St #13, 59101, 702-6672, Charles Frazier, service

Reliable Fence LLC, 3720 Farnum Dr, 59101, 876-2459, Michael & Deanna Dodge, service

Rejuvenation Massage Therapy LLC, 2822 3rd Ave N Ste 204, 855-1560, Laurence Deisz, solo practitioner

Quer Cleaning Service, 3224 Becraft Ln, 59101, 876-2319, Rosalinda Sanchez, service

Northwest Outfitters, 1491 Cheryl St, 780-1880, James Roberts, service

Cathleen Kuras, 404 N 31st ste 129, 59101, 591-2428, Cathleen Kuras, service

Best Pet Care, 2020 Kober Pl, 59102, 208-4820, Adelle Coombs, service

Reynolds Remodeling LLC, 1538 19th St, Cody WY 82414, 307-250-2282, Eduardo Reynoso, general contractor

Linda Lehman, 2646 Broadwater Ave, 59102, 371-5949, Linda Lehman, service

Mountain High Esthetics LLC, 131 Moore Ln, Ste D131, 59101, 698-5166, Sarah Dreese, service

Envision Janitorial, 1426 Hondo Way, 59105, 697-6740, Debra Lodge, service

Scratch kitchen, 1728 Poly Dr, 59102, 855-4434, Daniel Burt, restaurants

Rain Soul Studio, 100 N 27th St Ste 401, 59101, 876-8160, Krista Pasini, service

Downtown Family Pharmacy, 214 North Broadway, 59101, 206-2001, Jodh Fisher, retail sales

 Dalton Ross, 1502 Lewis Ave #5, Worden 59088, 623-0601, Dalton Ross, general contractors

 Black Dog Landscaping, 2431 Miles Ave, 59102, 281-0029, Kyler Stephens, service

Michael Olson, 2806 Sapphire Dr, Idaho Falls ID 83406, 208-589-3893, Michael Olson, plumbing contractors

Collyer Ventures Inc, 1925 Grand Ave, #127, 59102, 435-565-5042, Benjamin Hungerford, antique and second hand stores

Heights Holistic Wellness Clinic, 926 Main St Ste 6, 59105, 880-9838, Theresa Kinney, service

Pretty Clean, 5130 Providence St, Shepherd 59079, 200-4518, Katelyn Kunkle, service

A&J Contractors, 1399 88th St W, 59106, 927-8567, Allen Witherall, general contractors

Sierra Trading Post Inc #0103, 2618 King Ave w Ste 2, 59102, 774-308-0056, Kristin Adams, retail sales

Healing Collective, 1227 Broadwater Ave, 59102, 465-3157, Jaxi Howes, private investigators

Brass Velvet Trading Co, 111 Moore Ln, 59101, 696-0231, Jodi Fischer, retail sales

Valhalla Industries Inc, 2141 W 154th Place, Broomfield CO 80023, 833-634-6766, Jed Van Sciver, service

Bahay-Kubo Chicha in Da Hausi, 1508 Yellowstone Ave #2, 59102, 970-6532, Jonathon Legacion, restaurants

The Construction Station Inc, 4740 Cave Rd, 59101, 720-335-1060, Jorge Valeriano, general contractors

Trims, 2337 Gleneagles Blvd, 59105, 591-0621, Trevin Ophus, general contractors

Orville HVAC Appliance, 9401 12 Mile Rd, Shepherd 59079, 860-6255, Josh Thompson, service

SMH Group 406, 2035 Green Terrace Dr, 59102, 927-2130, Shaun Hoover, real estate rental

Steve’s Framing & Contracting, 521 Broadwater, 59101, 307-851-0571, Steven Summerlin, general contractors

Full Fusion LLC, 1913 Columbine Dr, 59105, 850-9430, Bonnar Keiereber, service

Gallaghers Construction LLC, 79 East Pryor Rd, Fromberg 59029, 321-1712, Joshua Gallagher, general contractors

Here and Now Counseling LLC, 510 N 29th St Ste 206, 59101, 312-6067, Katy Schwenneker, service

Estebyliv, 1844 Broadwater Ave #6, 59102, 850-8287, Olivia Murray, service

 Leatherneck Aviation LLC, 1001 S 24th St W Ste 107, 605-786-2913, Jacob Schneller, schools

The Seader Holdings Company, 2901 Monad Rd #103, 59102, 901-3610, Shawn Giesick, service

Northern Horizon LLC, 930 N 23rd St trl 3, 59101, 312-3293, Ashley Blythe, retail sales

Pretty in Pink – Esthetics, 1139 N 27th St Ste A, 59101, 647-6271, Adina Taylor, service

Sacred Esthetics, 1139 N 27th St Ste A, 59101, 671-1917, Kristie Markovich, service

Montana Outlaw BBQ LLC, 109 N 35th St, 59101, 321-0853, Richard Hamilton, restaurants

Michelle Kottke/Daniel Kottke, 317 S 31st St, 59101, 208-0128, Michelle and Daniel Kottke, service

Billings Drywall Repair, 1915 Dogwood Dr, 59105, 970-231-1167, Christopher Woods, service

VK Electric Inc, 2057 W 1800, Clinton UT  84015, 801-528-6002, Spencer King, electrical contractors

Woven and True Counseling, 208 N 29th St #228, 59101, 534-9662, Breanna Lawyer, service

Snack Time Market Inc, 1108 Broadwater Ave, 59102, 781-6889,